That title is awfully specific.
But I was building a new FreeBSD server with a used SuperMicro motherboard with IPMI. The default password was changed from
ADMIN (or maybe it's a new enough board that it's a random password), and when I was booted into FreeBSD, I wanted to reset the IPMI settings so I could be sure I was starting fresh.
ipmitool that came with my FreeBSD install doesn't seem to be able to reset IPMI to factory defaults, so I tried running
ipmicfg from Supermicro's website (which is annoying to download—you have to fill out a form and a Captcha for the privilege).
I put it on a flash drive, since I didn't have networking set up yet, and ran
mkdir /mnt/usb && mount_msdosfs /dev/da0s1 /mnt/usb to open it up.
But when I tried running the executable, I got:
# ./IPMICFG-Linux.x86_64 ELF binary type "0" not known. zsh: exec format error: ./IPMICFG-Linux.x86_64
Stuff built for Linux doesn't necessarily run on *BSD. Therefore, I had to enable Linux binary compatibility:
# nano /etc/rc.conf linux_enable="YES" # Add this line to the file # reboot
(In my case, I actually had to add the
linux_enable line inside
/conf/base/etc/rc.conf since I was running TrueNAS on this build.)
After the reboot, run:
# service linux start
Then you should be able to run the binary and reset to factory defaults:
# ./IPMICFG-Linux.x86_64 ELF interpreter /lib64/ld-linux-x86-64.so.2 not found, error 2 zsh: abort ./IPMICFG-Linux.x86_64
...or not. That didn't work because FreeBSD's Linux compatibility layer is apparently missing the libraries required for
ipmicfg to run. Oh well, it was worth a try!
Switching gears - booting DOS!
So instead, I flashed FreeDOS to a USB flash drive using Rufus on my Windows PC. I then copied the
DOS directory from the IPMICFG Supermicro download to the USB flash drive, then plugged that into my Supermicro motherboard, rebooted, and made sure to boot off that flash drive in the BIOS settings.
Once booted, I got the all-too-familiar
C:\> prompt, and ran the following commands:
# Change into the DOS directory. C:\> cd DOS # Check the current IPMI user listing. C:\DOS> ipmicfg -user list # Change the ADMIN user password. C:\DOS> ipmicfg -user setpwd 2 [password]
Though, in my case, I found out the ADMIN user had been disabled somehow (it showed 'No' under the Enable column), so I ended up just resetting the entire BMC using the command:
# WARNING: This will wipe your BMC config entirely! C:\DOS> ipmicfg -fd 2
And there... I could finally log into this used motherboard (which apparently came from OVH) and set my own password.
This answer on ServerFault was very helpful in figuring out
ipmicfg, as well as the article on ServeTheHome titled Reset Supermicro IPMI Password to Default – Physical Access.
Updating the BIOS
At the same time, it might be a good idea to update your motherboard's BIOS:
- Search for your motherboard model number on this page
- Download the BIOS .zip file
- Copy the contents to a
BIOSdirectory on the FreeDOS boot drive
- Reboot the server from that boot drive.
- In the BIOS directory, run
C:\BIOS> FLASH.BAT [BIOSFILE.###](e.g.
X10SDVF1.604for the BIOS filename, in my case).
It'd be nice if you didn't need a license to update the BIOS through IPMI... but here we are. I mean, if you search for "SuperMicro IPMI License Generator", you can probably find a way to get the key for your server... but it'd be nice if the motherboard were unlocked by default.