Testing redirections using Behat and the Behat Drupal Extension

One project I'm working on needed a Behat test added to test whether a particular redirection works properly. Basically, I wanted to test for the following:

  1. An anonymous user accesses a file at a URL like http://www.example.com/pictures/test.jpg
  2. The anonymous user is redirected to the path http://www.example.com/sites/default/files/pictures/test.jpg

Since the site uses Apache, I added the actual redirect to the site's .htaccess file in the docroot, using the following Rewrite configuration:

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
  RewriteEngine on

  # Rewrite requests for /profile_images to public files directory location.
  RewriteRule ^ pictures/(.*)$ /sites/default/files/pictures/$1 [L,NC,R=301]

Testing with curl --head, I could see that the proper headers were set—Location was set to the correct redirected URL, and the response gave a 301. So now I had to add the Behat test.

First, I created a .feature file to contain Redirection tests for my project (since it uses Acquia's BLT, I placed the file in tests/behat/features so it would automatically get picked up when running blt tests:behat):

Feature: Redirects
  In order to verify that redirects are working
  As a user
  I should be able to load a URL
  And I should be redirected to another URL

  # Note: Can't use "When I visit 'path'" because it expects a 200.
  Scenario: Test a Picture redirect.
    Given I am not logged in
    When I do not follow redirects
      And I am on "/pictures/xyz.jpg"
    Then I am redirected to "/sites/default/files/pictures/xyz.jpg"

There are a couple unique aspects of this feature file which are worth highlighting:

  1. Testing redirects requires the GoutteDriver, so I've tagged the scenario (@mink:goutte) to indicate this requirement—see notes on the page behat: intercepting the redirection with behat and mink.
  2. I had to add the line When I do not follow redirects to make sure I can intercept the browser and tell it to not follow redirects automatically. By default, it will follow redirects on the And I am on [path] line, and that would make my ability to test the actual redirection impossible.
  3. The Then I am redirected to [path] line is where the magic happens. I had to write a custom Behat step definition to teach Behat how to test the redirection.

If I ran the test at this point, it would fail on the When I do not follow redirects line, because Behat doesn't yet know how to not follow redirects. So I need to teach it by adding two step definitions to my FeatureContext class. Here's the class in it's entirety:


namespace Drupal;


// Needed for assert* functions from PHPUnit.
require_once '../../../../vendor/phpunit/phpunit/src/Framework/Assert/Functions.php';

 * FeatureContext class defines custom step definitions for Behat.
class FeatureContext extends RawDrupalContext implements SnippetAcceptingContext {

   * @When /^I do not follow redirects$/
public function iDoNotFollowRedirects() {

   * @Then /^I (?:am|should be) redirected to "([^"]*)"$/
public function iAmRedirectedTo($actualPath) {
$headers = $this->getSession()->getResponseHeaders();

$redirectComponents = parse_url($headers['Location'][0]);
assertEquals($redirectComponents['path'], $actualPath);


Notes for the customized FeatureContext:

  1. I had to require PHPUnit's functions to be able to assert certain things in the redirect test step definition, so I've manually loaded that file with require_once.
  2. iDoNotFollowRedirects() allows me to disable Goutte's automatic redirect handling.
  3. iAmRedirectedTo() is where the magic happens:
    1. The response headers for the original request are retrieved.
    2. The Location URL is extracted from those headers.
    3. The path (sans protocol/domain/port) is extracted.
    4. I assert that the path from the Location header matches the path that is being tested.

Now, when I run the test on my local environment (which runs Apache, so the .htaccess redirect is used), I get the following result:

1 scenario (1 passed)
4 steps (4 passed)
0m11.24s (31.16Mb)

Unfortunately, I then realized that the tests in our CI environment are currently using Drush's embedded PHP webserver, which doesn't support/use Apache .htaccess files. Therefore I'll either have to set up the CI environment using Apache instead of Drush, or use some other means of testing for the proper redirection (e.g. using PHPUnit to verify the right syntax appears inside the .htaccess file directly).


Interested in the method of your use of assert functions here.

You've included PHPUnit functions, but what are your thoughts on:

`use PHPUnit_Framework_Assert as PHPUnit;`


PHPUnit::assertEquals($redirectComponents['path'], $actualPath);

Would save you having to require the file manually at the top of your context.

Hi Jeff,

I posted a question related to Behat & Drupal & external redirection in it, here: https://drupal.stackexchange.com/questions/262372/how-to-navigate-to-an-...

Could you please post a reply in either of the places in case you have any suggestions? Thanks!