Migrating Link fields with multiple properties with Drupal 8

Today I needed to migrate a URL/Link into a Drupal 8 site, and I was scratching my head over how to migrate it so there were distinct values for the URL (the actual link) and the Label (the 'title' that displays to end users and is clickable). Drupal 8's Link field type allows you to set a URL in addition to an optional (or required) label, but by default, if you just migrate the URL, the label will be blank.

I first set up the migration config like so:

...
process:
  field_url: source_url

And source_url was defined in the migration's source.fields configuration.

In my case, the source data didn't have a label, but I wanted to set a default label so the Drupal 8 site could display that as the clickable link (instead of an ugly long URL). To do that, it's similar to migrating a formatted text field, where you can migrate individual components of the field using the syntax [field_name]/[component]. In a Link field's case, it looks like:

...
process:
  'field_url/uri': source_url
  'field_url/title':
    plugin: default_value
    default_value: 'Click here!'

A lot easier than I was expecting—I didn't have to do anything in PrepareRow or even write my own plugin! I found that the parameters were uri and title by digging into the Link module's field propertyDefinitions, which lists a uri, title, and options (the definition is in Drupal\link\Plugin\Field\FieldType.

Special thanks to Richard Allen for cluing me into this after I was looking for documentation to no avail (he pointed out that Link fields are probably just like the core Body field, which is migrated like so, with body/value, body/format, etc.). He also mentioned that pinging people in the #drupal-migrate IRC channel is usually a helpful way to get help at this point in the game!

Comments

This technique is documented in the always helpful migrate_example module

I didn't see the example in that module, but I must not've been looking hard enough :P

I had missed it in the migrate_example module, too, so appreciated the pointer, Jeff. Thanks!